1d8bd9b43130847893e65ce09c533a89f282ca93
[lttng-tools.git] / CodingStyle
1 LTTng-Tools Coding Style
2
3 Author: David Goulet
4 Last Update: 13/11/2012
5
6 Tabs VS Spaces:
7 -------------
8
9 Right, so our two cents in this endless war! This project uses TABS for one
10 simple reason, the coder can choose whatever size or type his/her indentation
11 is and can set the prefered coding style by replacing the tabs which each
12 normally respected IDE/editor can do.
13
14 For vim, here is what I used:
15
16 set shiftwidth=4
17 set noexpandtab
18
19 There is one exception for which we use space in this project is for enum,
20 defines and macros values indentation. For instance:
21
22 Use space to indent the the value so they fit when reading them all. Same goes
23 for the #define below.
24
25 enum my_enum {
26 value1 = 1,
27 value289 = 289,
28 ...
29 };
30
31 #define DEFAULT_VALUE_OF_SOME_SORT 6
32 #define THE_ANSWER 42
33
34 Use space to indent the '\' at the end but tabs at the beginning.
35
36 #define a_macro(x) \
37 do { \
38 fsync(); \
39 } while (0)
40
41 It's really the only time we use spaces. For everything else, there is TABS! :)
42
43 Here is a pretty cool vim macro that will highlight your whitespaces and spaces
44 before tab. This helps a *LOT* when coding.
45
46 " Show trailing whitepace and spaces before a tab:
47 function MyTrail()
48 let no_hl_trail = ["man", "help"]
49 if index(no_hl_trail, &ft) >= 0
50 return
51 endif
52 syn match ErrorMsg /\s\+$\| \+\ze\t\|\t\+\ze / containedin=@NoTrail
53 endfunction
54 syn cluster NoTrail contains=ALL remove=cComment
55 autocmd Syntax * call MyTrail()
56
57 C Style:
58 -------------
59
60 The coding style used for this project follows the the Linux kernel guide
61 lines, except that brackets "{", "}" should typically be used even for
62 single-line if/else statements. Please refer to:
63
64 - doc/kernel-CodingStyle.txt (copied from Linux 3.4.4 git tree).
65
66 - Linux kernel scripts/checkpatch.pl for a script which verify the patch
67 coding style.
68
69 For header files, please declare the following in this order:
70
71 1) #defines
72 - Default values should go in: src/common/defaults.h
73 - Macros used across the project: src/common/macros.h
74
75 2) Variables
76 - No _static_ in a header file! This is madness.
77 - Use _extern_ if the global variable is set else where.
78
79 3) Function prototype
80
81 Furthermore, respect the name spacing of files for each non-static symbol
82 visiable outside the scope of the C file. For instance, for the utils.c file in
83 libcommon, every call should be prefixed by "utils_*".
84
85 Error handling:
86 -------------
87
88 We ask to use one single return point in a function. For that, we uses the
89 "goto" statement for the error handling creating one single point for error
90 handling and return code. See the following example:
91
92 int some_function(...)
93 {
94 int ret;
95 [...]
96
97 if (ret != 0) {
98 goto error;
99 }
100
101 [...]
102 error:
103 return ret;
104 }
105
106 Commenting:
107 -------------
108
109 Every function MUST have a comment above it even if the function is trivial.
110
111 Please add non-trivial comments/documentation as much as you can in the code.
112 Poor comments WILL be rejected upon merging so please pay attention to this
113 details because we do!
114
115 If the comments requires more than one line, please format like so:
116
117 /*
118 * Some comments which requires multiple
119 * lines [...]
120 */
121
122 and on a single line:
123
124 /* My comment on a single line. */
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