Clean-up: consumer: consumer_metadata_cache_write is not const-correct
[lttng-tools.git] / src / lib / lttng-ctl / filter / filter-parser.y
CommitLineData
953192ba
MD
1%{
2/*
3 * filter-parser.y
4 *
5 * LTTng filter expression parser
6 *
ab5be9fa 7 * Copyright 2012 Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
953192ba 8 *
ab5be9fa 9 * SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1-only
953192ba
MD
10 *
11 * Grammar inspired from http://www.quut.com/c/ANSI-C-grammar-y.html
12 */
13
14#include <stdio.h>
15#include <unistd.h>
16#include <string.h>
17#include <stdlib.h>
18#include <assert.h>
19#include <errno.h>
20#include <inttypes.h>
953192ba 21#include "filter-ast.h"
95b9bd90 22#include "filter-parser.h"
953192ba 23
a187da1a
DG
24#include <common/macros.h>
25
8ab7c0d9
MD
26#define WIDTH_u64_SCANF_IS_A_BROKEN_API "20"
27#define WIDTH_o64_SCANF_IS_A_BROKEN_API "22"
28#define WIDTH_x64_SCANF_IS_A_BROKEN_API "17"
29#define WIDTH_lg_SCANF_IS_A_BROKEN_API "4096" /* Hugely optimistic approximation */
30
a187da1a 31LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba 32int yydebug;
a187da1a 33LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba
MD
34int filter_parser_debug = 0;
35
a187da1a 36LTTNG_HIDDEN
9039edd4 37int yyparse(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx, yyscan_t scanner);
a187da1a 38LTTNG_HIDDEN
9039edd4 39int yylex(union YYSTYPE *yyval, yyscan_t scanner);
a187da1a 40LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba 41int yylex_init_extra(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx, yyscan_t * ptr_yy_globals);
a187da1a 42LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba 43int yylex_destroy(yyscan_t yyparser_ctx);
a187da1a 44LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba
MD
45void yyrestart(FILE * in_str, yyscan_t parser_ctx);
46
47struct gc_string {
48 struct cds_list_head gc;
49 size_t alloclen;
50 char s[];
51};
52
53static const char *node_type_to_str[] = {
54 [ NODE_UNKNOWN ] = "NODE_UNKNOWN",
55 [ NODE_ROOT ] = "NODE_ROOT",
56 [ NODE_EXPRESSION ] = "NODE_EXPRESSION",
57 [ NODE_OP ] = "NODE_OP",
58 [ NODE_UNARY_OP ] = "NODE_UNARY_OP",
59};
60
a187da1a 61LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba
MD
62const char *node_type(struct filter_node *node)
63{
64 if (node->type < NR_NODE_TYPES)
65 return node_type_to_str[node->type];
66 else
67 return NULL;
68}
69
70static struct gc_string *gc_string_alloc(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx,
71 size_t len)
72{
73 struct gc_string *gstr;
74 size_t alloclen;
75
76 /* TODO: could be faster with find first bit or glib Gstring */
77 /* sizeof long to account for malloc header (int or long ?) */
78 for (alloclen = 8; alloclen < sizeof(long) + sizeof(*gstr) + len;
79 alloclen *= 2);
80
be61ee34
MD
81 gstr = zmalloc(alloclen);
82 if (!gstr) {
83 goto end;
84 }
953192ba
MD
85 cds_list_add(&gstr->gc, &parser_ctx->allocated_strings);
86 gstr->alloclen = alloclen;
be61ee34 87end:
953192ba
MD
88 return gstr;
89}
90
91/*
92 * note: never use gc_string_append on a string that has external references.
93 * gsrc will be garbage collected immediately, and gstr might be.
94 * Should only be used to append characters to a string literal or constant.
95 */
52dc69b2 96static
953192ba
MD
97struct gc_string *gc_string_append(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx,
98 struct gc_string *gstr,
99 struct gc_string *gsrc)
100{
101 size_t newlen = strlen(gsrc->s) + strlen(gstr->s) + 1;
102 size_t alloclen;
103
104 /* TODO: could be faster with find first bit or glib Gstring */
105 /* sizeof long to account for malloc header (int or long ?) */
106 for (alloclen = 8; alloclen < sizeof(long) + sizeof(*gstr) + newlen;
107 alloclen *= 2);
108
109 if (alloclen > gstr->alloclen) {
110 struct gc_string *newgstr;
111
112 newgstr = gc_string_alloc(parser_ctx, newlen);
113 strcpy(newgstr->s, gstr->s);
114 strcat(newgstr->s, gsrc->s);
115 cds_list_del(&gstr->gc);
116 free(gstr);
117 gstr = newgstr;
118 } else {
119 strcat(gstr->s, gsrc->s);
120 }
121 cds_list_del(&gsrc->gc);
122 free(gsrc);
123 return gstr;
124}
125
a187da1a 126LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba
MD
127void setstring(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx, YYSTYPE *lvalp, const char *src)
128{
129 lvalp->gs = gc_string_alloc(parser_ctx, strlen(src) + 1);
130 strcpy(lvalp->gs->s, src);
131}
132
133static struct filter_node *make_node(struct filter_parser_ctx *scanner,
134 enum node_type type)
135{
136 struct filter_ast *ast = filter_parser_get_ast(scanner);
137 struct filter_node *node;
138
be61ee34 139 node = zmalloc(sizeof(*node));
953192ba
MD
140 if (!node)
141 return NULL;
142 memset(node, 0, sizeof(*node));
143 node->type = type;
144 cds_list_add(&node->gc, &ast->allocated_nodes);
145
146 switch (type) {
147 case NODE_ROOT:
148 fprintf(stderr, "[error] %s: trying to create root node\n", __func__);
149 break;
150
151 case NODE_EXPRESSION:
152 break;
153 case NODE_OP:
154 break;
155 case NODE_UNARY_OP:
156 break;
157
158 case NODE_UNKNOWN:
159 default:
160 fprintf(stderr, "[error] %s: unknown node type %d\n", __func__,
161 (int) type);
162 break;
163 }
164
165 return node;
166}
167
168static struct filter_node *make_op_node(struct filter_parser_ctx *scanner,
169 enum op_type type,
170 struct filter_node *lchild,
171 struct filter_node *rchild)
172{
173 struct filter_ast *ast = filter_parser_get_ast(scanner);
174 struct filter_node *node;
175
be61ee34 176 node = zmalloc(sizeof(*node));
953192ba
MD
177 if (!node)
178 return NULL;
179 memset(node, 0, sizeof(*node));
180 node->type = NODE_OP;
181 cds_list_add(&node->gc, &ast->allocated_nodes);
182 node->u.op.type = type;
183 node->u.op.lchild = lchild;
184 node->u.op.rchild = rchild;
185 return node;
186}
187
52dc69b2 188static
9039edd4 189void yyerror(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx, yyscan_t scanner, const char *str)
953192ba
MD
190{
191 fprintf(stderr, "error %s\n", str);
192}
953192ba
MD
193
194#define parse_error(parser_ctx, str) \
195do { \
9039edd4 196 yyerror(parser_ctx, parser_ctx->scanner, YY_("parse error: " str "\n")); \
953192ba
MD
197 YYERROR; \
198} while (0)
199
200static void free_strings(struct cds_list_head *list)
201{
202 struct gc_string *gstr, *tmp;
203
204 cds_list_for_each_entry_safe(gstr, tmp, list, gc)
205 free(gstr);
206}
207
208static struct filter_ast *filter_ast_alloc(void)
209{
210 struct filter_ast *ast;
211
be61ee34 212 ast = zmalloc(sizeof(*ast));
953192ba
MD
213 if (!ast)
214 return NULL;
215 memset(ast, 0, sizeof(*ast));
216 CDS_INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ast->allocated_nodes);
217 ast->root.type = NODE_ROOT;
218 return ast;
219}
220
221static void filter_ast_free(struct filter_ast *ast)
222{
223 struct filter_node *node, *tmp;
224
225 cds_list_for_each_entry_safe(node, tmp, &ast->allocated_nodes, gc)
226 free(node);
37600d79 227 free(ast);
953192ba
MD
228}
229
a187da1a 230LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba
MD
231int filter_parser_ctx_append_ast(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx)
232{
9039edd4 233 return yyparse(parser_ctx, parser_ctx->scanner);
953192ba
MD
234}
235
a187da1a 236LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba
MD
237struct filter_parser_ctx *filter_parser_ctx_alloc(FILE *input)
238{
239 struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx;
240 int ret;
241
242 yydebug = filter_parser_debug;
243
be61ee34 244 parser_ctx = zmalloc(sizeof(*parser_ctx));
953192ba
MD
245 if (!parser_ctx)
246 return NULL;
247 memset(parser_ctx, 0, sizeof(*parser_ctx));
248
249 ret = yylex_init_extra(parser_ctx, &parser_ctx->scanner);
250 if (ret) {
251 fprintf(stderr, "yylex_init error\n");
252 goto cleanup_parser_ctx;
253 }
254 /* Start processing new stream */
255 yyrestart(input, parser_ctx->scanner);
256
257 parser_ctx->ast = filter_ast_alloc();
258 if (!parser_ctx->ast)
259 goto cleanup_lexer;
260 CDS_INIT_LIST_HEAD(&parser_ctx->allocated_strings);
261
262 if (yydebug)
263 fprintf(stdout, "parser_ctx input is a%s.\n",
264 isatty(fileno(input)) ? "n interactive tty" :
265 " noninteractive file");
266
267 return parser_ctx;
268
269cleanup_lexer:
270 ret = yylex_destroy(parser_ctx->scanner);
271 if (!ret)
272 fprintf(stderr, "yylex_destroy error\n");
273cleanup_parser_ctx:
274 free(parser_ctx);
275 return NULL;
276}
277
a187da1a 278LTTNG_HIDDEN
953192ba
MD
279void filter_parser_ctx_free(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx)
280{
281 int ret;
282
283 free_strings(&parser_ctx->allocated_strings);
284 filter_ast_free(parser_ctx->ast);
285 ret = yylex_destroy(parser_ctx->scanner);
286 if (ret)
287 fprintf(stderr, "yylex_destroy error\n");
288 free(parser_ctx);
289}
290
291%}
292
52dc69b2
SM
293%code provides
294{
295#include "common/macros.h"
296
297LTTNG_HIDDEN
298void setstring(struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx, YYSTYPE *lvalp, const char *src);
299}
300
953192ba
MD
301%define api.pure
302 /* %locations */
303%parse-param {struct filter_parser_ctx *parser_ctx}
9039edd4
ZT
304%parse-param {yyscan_t scanner}
305%lex-param {yyscan_t scanner}
953192ba
MD
306%start translation_unit
307%token CHARACTER_CONSTANT_START SQUOTE STRING_LITERAL_START DQUOTE
308%token ESCSEQ CHAR_STRING_TOKEN
e90d8561 309%token DECIMAL_CONSTANT OCTAL_CONSTANT HEXADECIMAL_CONSTANT FLOAT_CONSTANT
953192ba
MD
310%token LSBRAC RSBRAC LPAREN RPAREN LBRAC RBRAC RARROW
311%token STAR PLUS MINUS
312%token MOD_OP DIV_OP RIGHT_OP LEFT_OP
313%token EQ_OP NE_OP LE_OP GE_OP LT_OP GT_OP AND_OP OR_OP NOT_OP
314%token ASSIGN COLON SEMICOLON DOTDOTDOT DOT EQUAL COMMA
315%token XOR_BIN AND_BIN OR_BIN NOT_BIN
316
586dc72f 317%token <gs> IDENTIFIER GLOBAL_IDENTIFIER
953192ba
MD
318%token ERROR
319%union
320{
321 long long ll;
322 char c;
323 struct gc_string *gs;
324 struct filter_node *n;
325}
326
327%type <gs> s_char s_char_sequence c_char c_char_sequence
328
329%type <n> primary_expression
bff988fa
MD
330%type <n> prefix_expression
331%type <n> prefix_expression_rec
953192ba
MD
332%type <n> postfix_expression
333%type <n> unary_expression
334%type <n> unary_operator
335%type <n> multiplicative_expression
336%type <n> additive_expression
337%type <n> shift_expression
338%type <n> relational_expression
339%type <n> equality_expression
340%type <n> and_expression
341%type <n> exclusive_or_expression
342%type <n> inclusive_or_expression
343%type <n> logical_and_expression
344%type <n> logical_or_expression
345%type <n> expression
bff988fa 346%type <n> identifiers
953192ba
MD
347
348%%
349
350
351/* 1.5 Constants */
352
353c_char_sequence:
354 c_char
355 { $$ = $1; }
356 | c_char_sequence c_char
357 { $$ = gc_string_append(parser_ctx, $1, $2); }
358 ;
359
360c_char:
361 CHAR_STRING_TOKEN
362 { $$ = yylval.gs; }
363 | ESCSEQ
364 {
365 parse_error(parser_ctx, "escape sequences not supported yet");
366 }
367 ;
368
369/* 1.6 String literals */
370
371s_char_sequence:
372 s_char
373 { $$ = $1; }
374 | s_char_sequence s_char
375 { $$ = gc_string_append(parser_ctx, $1, $2); }
376 ;
377
378s_char:
379 CHAR_STRING_TOKEN
380 { $$ = yylval.gs; }
381 | ESCSEQ
382 {
383 parse_error(parser_ctx, "escape sequences not supported yet");
384 }
385 ;
386
bff988fa
MD
387primary_expression:
388 DECIMAL_CONSTANT
953192ba
MD
389 {
390 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
391 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_CONSTANT;
8ab7c0d9
MD
392 if (sscanf(yylval.gs->s, "%" WIDTH_u64_SCANF_IS_A_BROKEN_API SCNu64,
393 &$$->u.expression.u.constant) != 1) {
394 parse_error(parser_ctx, "cannot scanf decimal constant");
395 }
953192ba
MD
396 }
397 | OCTAL_CONSTANT
398 {
399 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
400 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_CONSTANT;
8ab7c0d9
MD
401 if (!strcmp(yylval.gs->s, "0")) {
402 $$->u.expression.u.constant = 0;
403 } else if (sscanf(yylval.gs->s, "0%" WIDTH_o64_SCANF_IS_A_BROKEN_API SCNo64,
404 &$$->u.expression.u.constant) != 1) {
405 parse_error(parser_ctx, "cannot scanf octal constant");
406 }
953192ba
MD
407 }
408 | HEXADECIMAL_CONSTANT
409 {
410 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
411 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_CONSTANT;
8ab7c0d9
MD
412 if (sscanf(yylval.gs->s, "0x%" WIDTH_x64_SCANF_IS_A_BROKEN_API SCNx64,
413 &$$->u.expression.u.constant) != 1) {
414 parse_error(parser_ctx, "cannot scanf hexadecimal constant");
415 }
953192ba 416 }
e90d8561
MD
417 | FLOAT_CONSTANT
418 {
419 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
420 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_FLOAT_CONSTANT;
8ab7c0d9
MD
421 if (sscanf(yylval.gs->s, "%" WIDTH_lg_SCANF_IS_A_BROKEN_API "lg",
422 &$$->u.expression.u.float_constant) != 1) {
423 parse_error(parser_ctx, "cannot scanf float constant");
424 }
e90d8561 425 }
953192ba
MD
426 | STRING_LITERAL_START DQUOTE
427 {
428 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
429 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_STRING;
430 $$->u.expression.u.string = "";
431 }
432 | STRING_LITERAL_START s_char_sequence DQUOTE
433 {
434 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
435 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_STRING;
436 $$->u.expression.u.string = $2->s;
437 }
438 | CHARACTER_CONSTANT_START c_char_sequence SQUOTE
439 {
440 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
441 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_STRING;
442 $$->u.expression.u.string = $2->s;
443 }
444 | LPAREN expression RPAREN
445 {
446 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
447 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_NESTED;
448 $$->u.expression.u.child = $2;
449 }
450 ;
451
bff988fa
MD
452identifiers
453 : IDENTIFIER
454 {
455 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
456 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_IDENTIFIER;
457 $$->u.expression.u.identifier = yylval.gs->s;
458 }
459 | GLOBAL_IDENTIFIER
460 {
461 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_EXPRESSION);
462 $$->u.expression.type = AST_EXP_GLOBAL_IDENTIFIER;
463 $$->u.expression.u.identifier = yylval.gs->s;
464 }
465 ;
466
467prefix_expression_rec
468 : LSBRAC unary_expression RSBRAC
469 {
470 $$ = $2;
471 }
472 | LSBRAC unary_expression RSBRAC prefix_expression_rec
473 {
474 $$ = $2;
475 $$->u.expression.pre_op = AST_LINK_BRACKET;
476 $$->u.expression.prev = $4;
477 }
478 ;
479
480prefix_expression
481 : identifiers
482 {
483 $$ = $1;
484 }
485 | identifiers prefix_expression_rec
661dfdd1
MD
486 {
487 $$ = $1;
488 $$->u.expression.pre_op = AST_LINK_BRACKET;
bff988fa 489 $$->u.expression.next_bracket = $2;
661dfdd1 490 }
bff988fa
MD
491 ;
492
493postfix_expression
494 : prefix_expression
953192ba 495 {
bff988fa
MD
496 $$ = $1;
497 }
498 | postfix_expression DOT prefix_expression
499 {
500 $$ = $3;
953192ba 501 $$->u.expression.post_op = AST_LINK_DOT;
953192ba
MD
502 $$->u.expression.prev = $1;
503 }
bff988fa 504 | postfix_expression RARROW prefix_expression
953192ba 505 {
bff988fa 506 $$ = $3;
953192ba 507 $$->u.expression.post_op = AST_LINK_RARROW;
953192ba
MD
508 $$->u.expression.prev = $1;
509 }
510 ;
511
512unary_expression
513 : postfix_expression
514 { $$ = $1; }
bff988fa
MD
515 | primary_expression
516 { $$ = $1; }
953192ba
MD
517 | unary_operator unary_expression
518 {
519 $$ = $1;
520 $$->u.unary_op.child = $2;
521 }
522 ;
523
524unary_operator
525 : PLUS
526 {
527 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_UNARY_OP);
528 $$->u.unary_op.type = AST_UNARY_PLUS;
529 }
530 | MINUS
531 {
532 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_UNARY_OP);
533 $$->u.unary_op.type = AST_UNARY_MINUS;
534 }
535 | NOT_OP
536 {
537 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_UNARY_OP);
538 $$->u.unary_op.type = AST_UNARY_NOT;
539 }
ab78f161
CB
540 | NOT_BIN
541 {
542 $$ = make_node(parser_ctx, NODE_UNARY_OP);
bff988fa 543 $$->u.unary_op.type = AST_UNARY_BIT_NOT;
ab78f161 544 }
953192ba
MD
545 ;
546
547multiplicative_expression
548 : unary_expression
549 { $$ = $1; }
550 | multiplicative_expression STAR unary_expression
551 {
552 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_MUL, $1, $3);
553 }
554 | multiplicative_expression DIV_OP unary_expression
555 {
556 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_DIV, $1, $3);
557 }
558 | multiplicative_expression MOD_OP unary_expression
559 {
560 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_MOD, $1, $3);
561 }
562 ;
563
564additive_expression
565 : multiplicative_expression
566 { $$ = $1; }
567 | additive_expression PLUS multiplicative_expression
568 {
569 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_PLUS, $1, $3);
570 }
571 | additive_expression MINUS multiplicative_expression
572 {
573 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_MINUS, $1, $3);
574 }
575 ;
576
577shift_expression
578 : additive_expression
579 { $$ = $1; }
580 | shift_expression LEFT_OP additive_expression
581 {
116d3c01 582 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_BIT_LSHIFT, $1, $3);
953192ba
MD
583 }
584 | shift_expression RIGHT_OP additive_expression
585 {
116d3c01 586 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_BIT_RSHIFT, $1, $3);
953192ba
MD
587 }
588 ;
589
831b702b 590and_expression
953192ba
MD
591 : shift_expression
592 { $$ = $1; }
831b702b
MD
593 | and_expression AND_BIN shift_expression
594 {
595 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_BIT_AND, $1, $3);
596 }
597 ;
598
599exclusive_or_expression
600 : and_expression
601 { $$ = $1; }
602 | exclusive_or_expression XOR_BIN and_expression
603 {
604 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_BIT_XOR, $1, $3);
605 }
606 ;
607
608inclusive_or_expression
609 : exclusive_or_expression
610 { $$ = $1; }
611 | inclusive_or_expression OR_BIN exclusive_or_expression
612 {
613 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_BIT_OR, $1, $3);
614 }
615 ;
616
617relational_expression
618 : inclusive_or_expression
619 { $$ = $1; }
620 | relational_expression LT_OP inclusive_or_expression
953192ba
MD
621 {
622 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_LT, $1, $3);
623 }
831b702b 624 | relational_expression GT_OP inclusive_or_expression
953192ba
MD
625 {
626 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_GT, $1, $3);
627 }
831b702b 628 | relational_expression LE_OP inclusive_or_expression
953192ba
MD
629 {
630 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_LE, $1, $3);
631 }
831b702b 632 | relational_expression GE_OP inclusive_or_expression
953192ba
MD
633 {
634 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_GE, $1, $3);
635 }
636 ;
637
638equality_expression
639 : relational_expression
640 { $$ = $1; }
641 | equality_expression EQ_OP relational_expression
642 {
643 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_EQ, $1, $3);
644 }
645 | equality_expression NE_OP relational_expression
646 {
647 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_NE, $1, $3);
648 }
649 ;
650
953192ba 651logical_and_expression
831b702b 652 : equality_expression
953192ba 653 { $$ = $1; }
831b702b 654 | logical_and_expression AND_OP equality_expression
953192ba
MD
655 {
656 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_AND, $1, $3);
657 }
658 ;
659
660logical_or_expression
661 : logical_and_expression
662 { $$ = $1; }
663 | logical_or_expression OR_OP logical_and_expression
664 {
665 $$ = make_op_node(parser_ctx, AST_OP_OR, $1, $3);
666 }
667 ;
668
669expression
670 : logical_or_expression
671 { $$ = $1; }
672 ;
673
674translation_unit
675 : expression
676 {
677 parser_ctx->ast->root.u.root.child = $1;
678 }
679 ;
This page took 0.114453 seconds and 4 git commands to generate.